joi, 30 iulie 2009

Alternativa la "Salvarea Vasului-Pirat"

Simpatica şi, totodată, inteligenta cvasi-comunistă de secol 21, Naomi Klein (reamintim, "Doctrina şocului. Naşterea capitalismului dezastrelor" s-a tradus, anul acesta, şi în româneşte), ne surprinde (în realitate, nu ne mai surprinde, fiindcă-i ştim deja matricea ideologică) cu un discurs ţinut la aniversarea centenarului mişcării liberal-progresiste americane ("comuniştii din SUA", potrivit criteriilor politologice cu care ne-am obişnuit în România).
O expunere caustică, dar serioasă, deşi evident discutabilă, despre criza economică globală, în care, referindu-se direct la măsurile de capitalizare a sectorului financiar din SUA, Naomi Klein formulează trei întrebări fundamentale, exprimă un imperativ şi concluzionează cu o alternativă:
"Do we want to go there? Do we want to save that pre-crisis system, get it back to where it was last September? Or do we want to use this crisis, and the electoral mandate for serious change delivered by the last election, to radically transform that system? We need to get clear on our answer now because we haven't had the potent combination of a serious crisis and a clear progressive democratic mandate for change since the 1930s. We use this opportunity, or we lose it."
Klein atacă fundamentele capitalismului (cum altfel?) şi crede că măsurile de salvare iniţiate de Administraţia de la Washington tind să repare sistemul -readucându-l la nivelul la care acesta se găsea înainte de declanşarea crizei - nu să-l revoluţioneze (oare chiar se aştepta la altceva?!?!). Raportându-se la discursurile electorale capitalist-sălbatice ale lui Sarah Palin - candidata la vicepreşedinţie de acum un an - Naomi Klein susţine că "...what Palin was saying is what is built into the very DNA of capitalism: the idea that the world has no limits. She was saying that there is no such thing as consequences, or real-world deficits. Because there will always be another frontier, another Alaska, another bubble. Just move on and discover it. Tomorrow will never come. This is the most comforting and dangerous lie that there is: the lie that perpetual, unending growth is possible on our finite planet."
Poate cu o uşoară înclinaţie spre supra-natural, jurnalista canadiană vede un semn în respingerea "modelului politic Sarah Palin" şi în opţiunea electoratului pentru Obama: "I almost feel like we've been given a last chance, some kind of a reprieve. I try not to be apocalyptic, but the global warming science I read is scary. This economic crisis, as awful as it is, pulled us back from that ecological precipice that we were about to drive over with Sarah Palin and gave us a tiny bit of time and space to change course. And I think it's significant that when the crisis hit, there was almost a sense of relief, as if people knew they were living beyond their means and had gotten caught. We suddenly had permission to do things together other than shop, and that spoke to something deep."
În viziunea lui Klein, ultima şansă de care mai dispunem nu o reprezintă depanarea sistemului, ci cu totul altceva. Precizez că aici vreau să evit o formulă leninistă, cum, de altfel, face şi ea; aşa încât, voi cita metafora ei, cu "'Salvarea Vasului-Pirat":
"Should our job be to bail out this ship, the biggest pirate ship that ever was, or to sink it and replace it with a sturdier vessel, one with space for everyone? One that doesn't require these ritual purges, during which we throw our friends and our neighbors overboard to save the people in first class. One that understands that the Earth doesn't have the capacity for all of us to live better and better."
Evident, finalul nu putea fi decât un avertisment dramatic:
"Because make no mistake: Capitalism will be back. And the same message will return, though there may be someone new selling that message: You don't need to change. Keep consuming all you want. There's plenty more. Drill, baby, drill. Maybe there will be some technological fix that will make all our problems disappear. And that is why we need to be absolutely clear right now.
Capitalism can survive this crisis. But the world can't survive another capitalist comeback."
Ok, mulţi o pot ştampila pe Naomi Klein drept comunistă. Şi dacă are, totuşi, dreptate?

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