joi, 25 martie 2010

Legea asigurărilor de sănătate din SUA

Titulatura oficială a legii este "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act."

O reglementare supra-ideologizată şi etichetată de Dreapta isterică americană în diverse moduri, după cum rezultă şi din imagine (mai lipsea să-i spună "lege securistă" sau "lege nesimţită"). Are 10 capitole şi aproape 2.400 de pagini.

Extrem de tehnică şi controversată, şi aflată departe de fluxul de informaţii care curge prin România în mod obşinuit, legea e bună de oricem, numai de comentat de pe poziţii ideologice nu. Mă refer la noi, la românaşi. Cine vrea să se informeze asupra conţinutului ei, îi ofer două surse:





1. Informaţiile fundamentale şi de detaliu, de pe Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patient_Protection_and_Affordable_Care_Act

2. Un rezumat realizat de Nasdaq, la http://www.nasdaq.com/aspx/stock-market-news-story.aspx?storyid=201003212306dowjonesdjonline000366&title=summary-of-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act, din care redăm următoarele:

Major provisions:
--Seeks to provide "Quality Health Insurance Coverage for All Americans" by amending the Public Health Service Act to prohibit preexisting health condition exclusions from insurance coverage.
--Prohibits a health plan from rescinding coverage of an enrollee except in the case of fraud.
--Health insurance exchanges: requires states to establish an American Health Benefit Exchange for purchase of qualified health insurance plans. Creates a related entity to assist with small business health coverage.
--Directs states to establish one or more reinsurance entities for reinsurance programs to assist in health care coverage.
--Individual coverage, penalties: requires individuals to maintain minimal health care coverage beginning in 2014. Imposes a penalty for failure to maintain such coverage with exceptions for low-income individuals, members of Indian tribes, people who object on religious grounds.
--Penalties for medium-sized Businesses: requires employers of 50 workers who don't offer coverage to pay a fee up to $750 per worker.
--Creates a Small Business Tax Credit: beginning in 2010, small employers can elect a tax credit for 50% of their employee health care coverage expenses. Small employers are generally defined as businesses with no more than 25 employees.
--On abortion, permits states to prohibit abortion coverage in qualified health plans offered through an exchange in the state. It prohibits federal funds from being used for abortion services and requires separate accounts for payments for such services.
--On Medicaid, the bill seeks to extend Medicaid coverage, beginning in calendar 2014, to certain low-income individuals under age 65. States can expand Medicaid eligibility to these people as early as April 1, 2010.

Desenul este preluat de la http://newsbusters.org/static/2009/11/Wall%20Street%20Journal%20Calls%20ObamaCare%20%27The%20Worst%20Bill%20Ever%27.jpg

Niciun comentariu:

Trimiteți un comentariu

Faceți căutări pe acest blog

Postări populare