joi, 29 iulie 2010

Roosevelt, da. Obama, în niciun caz


Comparând 1933 cu 2009, observăm că diferenţele ţin doar de culoare. La propriu şi la figurat. Cei doi ani au marcat începutul mandatului prezidenţial pentru Franklin Delano Roosevelt şi Barack Obama, în circumstanţe foarte asemănătoare, care au ataşat destinul Americii de leadership-ul decisiv al unui singur om, împins în faţa unor aşteptări uriaşe.

Despre Obama vorbesc realităţile, după 17 luni pline de semi-eşecuri, de abandonuri, de cvasi-continuitate bushistă şi de senzaţia că abia aşteaptă să-şi termine mandatul, spre a se întoarce dincolo de basmul în care n-a avut ce căuta de la bun început.
Roosevelt merită însă o evocare specială. Venise la putere într-un moment în care, în Vestul Mijlociu al Statelor Unite, era foamete. A ştiut ce are de făcut din prima zi, iar un Congres dominat de o majoritate progresistă confortabilă l-a urmat, cu determinare, în cel mai spectaculos efort de legiferare a programelor sociale şi de redresare economică din istoria SUA. A promis şi realizat un nou destin american, care a strălucit între 1950 şi 1970, doar pentru ca Reagan şi, mai târziu, Bush-junior să-l îngroape. Ceva ce s-a chemat New Deal. N-a alunecat spre centru nici atunci când unii l-au făcut "comunist." Roosevelt a fost capabil să dea de pământ cu o Curte Supremă scelerat de conservatoare, care-i trântise aproape toată legislaţia pe motive de neconstituţionalitate, pregătindu-se să facă acelaşi lucru şi cu legea asigurărilor sociale.

În 1932, Roosevelt acceptase investitura Partidului Democrat la alegerile prezidenţiale, iar discursul rostit atunci ar fi putut, la fel de bine, să fie citit de pe prompter, 80 de ani mai târziu. Iată nişte fraze pe care Obama n-a ştiut să le spună în prorpiul său discurs de investitură:

"My friends, may this be the symbol of my intention to be honest and to avoid all hypocrisy or sham, to avoid all silly shutting of the eyes to the truth in this campaign. [...] Let it also be symbolic that in so doing I broke traditions. Let it be from now on the task of our Party to break foolish traditions. We will break foolish traditions and leave it to the Republican leadership, far more skilled in that art, to break promises."

"This is no time for fear, for reaction or for timidity. Here and now I invite those nominal Republicans who find that their conscience cannot be squared with the groping and the failure of their party leaders to join hands with us; here and now, in equal measure, I warn those nominal Democrats who squint at the future with their faces turned toward the past, and who feel no responsibility to the demands of the new time, that they are out of step with their Party."

"Yes, the people of this country want a genuine choice this year, not a choice between two names for the same reactionary doctrine. Ours must be a party of liberal thought, of planned action, of enlightened international outlook, and of the greatest good to the greatest number of our citizens."

Vorbind despre depresiunea economică, a spus: "Translate that into human terms. See how the events of the past three years have come home to specific groups of people: first, the group dependent on industry; second, the group dependent on agriculture; third, and made up in large part of members of the first two groups, the people who are called "small investors and depositors." In fact, the strongest possible tie between the first two groups, agriculture and industry, is the fact that the savings and to a degree the security of both are tied together in that third group--the credit structure of the Nation."

"Our Republican leaders tell us economic laws--sacred, inviolable, unchangeable--cause panics which no one could prevent. But while they prate of economic laws, men and women are starving. We must lay hold of the fact that economic laws are not made by nature. They are made by human beings."

"One word more: Out of every crisis, every tribulation, every disaster, mankind rises with some share of greater knowledge, of higher decency, of purer purpose. Today we shall have come through a period of loose thinking, descending morals, an era of selfishness, among individual men and women and among Nations. Blame not Governments alone for this. Blame ourselves in equal share. Let us be frank in acknowledgment of the truth that many amongst us have made obeisance to Mammon, that the profits of speculation, the easy road without toil, have lured us from the old barricades. To return to higher standards we must abandon the false prophets and seek new leaders of our own choosing."

"Never before in modern history have the essential differences between the two major American parties stood out in such striking contrast as they do today. Republican leaders not only have failed in material things, they have failed in national vision, because in disaster they have held out no hope, they have pointed out no path for the people below to climb back to places of security and of safety in our American life."

"I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people. Let us all here assembled constitute ourselves prophets of a new order of competence and of courage. This is more than a political campaign; it is a call to arms. Give me your help, not to win votes alone, but to win in this crusade to restore America to its own people."



Fotografia a fost preluată de la http://www.angelfire.com/blues/writing/fdr.html

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