duminică, 29 august 2010

Calea către pre-fascism. Deocamdată, în America


Mulţi sunt îndrăgostiţi de terminologia socio-politică marcată de prefixul "post" (post-comunism, post-americanism, post-modernism etc.), în încercarea de a caracteriza sintetic un anumit moment politic ori o situaţie istorică aflată în evoluţie.

Poate a venit timpul să facem uz şi de prefixul "pre" în scopul definirii unei periculoase tendinţe politice din America de azi: pre-fascismul.

În 2008, Partidul Republican şi Dreapta din Statele Unite au pierdut cam tot ce se putea pierde: Casa Albă, Congres şi încrederea electoralului centrist, cel care înclină, de regulă, balanţa în favoarea unuia din cele două curente politice ce se ciocnesc în alegeri. Devenit Preşedinte, Obama - prin propriile lui slăbiciuni şi prin incapacitatea de energizare a partidului - a ratat momentul de a impune agenda liberal-radicală care l-a adus la putere şi de a trimite la reciclare nucleul extremism al Republicanilor, preferând, în schimb, o alunecare spre Centru, ba chiar către politicile promovate de Bush în domeniul financiar şi al securităţii naţionale, din care nimeni nu mai înţelege nimic. Din tot ceea ce promisese progresiştilor şi alegătorilor independenţi, omul de la Casa Albă a produs doar două legi - reforma asigurărilor de sănătate şi cea a pieţelor financiare - pline de găuri ca un şvaiţer. Şomajul este şi astăzi acolo unde era în ianuarie 2009, având toate şansele să devină un Waterloo politic pentru Obama, la alegerile de la jumătatea termenului din toamna acestui an.

În aceste condiţii, reactivarea aripii ideologice dure, de Dreaptă extremă, oricât de ridicolă, caricaturală şi troglodită apare în manifestările ei publice, nu reprezintă o surpriză. Potenţată de frustrarea pierderii puterii în 2008 şi de pretenţiile agresive şi exagerate ale Stângii liberal-radicale cu tendinţe majoritare în mai toate marile teme politice ale momentului, extrema Dreaptă din Statele Unite domină zone extinse ale Partidului Republican, îngroşându-şi accentele rasiste, populiste şi naţionaliste până dincolo de limita la care te mai poţi distra pe seama lor. Un politician conservator şi intelectual rasat de nivelul lui Newt Gingrich nu mai poate fi liderul partidului său, fiindcă e ocupat să ducă mapa unor retardaţi politic precum Sarah Palin, Rush Limbaugh sau Glenn Beck, ultimii doi proveniţi din falanga realizatorilor de emisiuni radio/tv conservatoare cu priză la grupuri de populaţie uşor manipulabile. E ca şi cum i-ai pune alături, în România, pe Andrei Marga şi Dan Diaconescu.

Prin confiscarea unor simboluri şi mesaje politice ale americanismului profund de Dreapta (mişcarea Tea Party), dar şi de Stânga (mitingul de ieri, de la Washington, care s-a vrut , o reînscenare a celui condus de Martin Luther King în 1963, pentru drepturile civile), partizanii extremei Drepte Republicane sunt preocupaţi nu doar de continua obstrucţionare a Administraţiei (obiectiv şi mai uşor de realizat în cazul preluării majorităţii în Camera Reprezentanţilor peste două luni), dar şi de reformularea radicală a agendei politice din America. Distorsionând valorile politice americane clasice şi contrapunându-le efectelor cvasi-implacabile ale globalizării, Republicanii extremişti anunţă un naţionalism intolerant, patologic şi demodat, care, cuplat cu apucăturile internaţionaliste belicoase ale neoconservatorilor la fel de frustraţi după ce au pierdut şi ei puterea, are aptitudinea de a orienta Statele Unite către pre-fascism. Cel puţin, într-o primă fază. În perioada următoare, conservatorismul american va arăta tot mai dezagreabil, agresiv, xenofob, incapabil de dialog politic şi însoţit de un bigotism şi misticism hilar care ne va face să ne întrebăm "cum naiba de au reuşit americanii să trimită oameni pe lună? "

În felul acesta, este spulberată inclusiv speranţa ca, după eşecul marca "Obama", America să fie condusă, din 2012, de un Republican echilibrat ca Ron Paul, deoarece polarizarea politică va fi atunci mult prea accentuată, pentru ca un lider centrist să fie capabil de atragerea voturilor dinspre segmentele moderate ale alegătorilor Democraţi şi Republicani. Adică, să unească o ţară mult prea divizată, trimiţând extremiştii ambelor partide la vestiare.

Despre cele de mai sus, cu trimiteri la surse autorizate, Glenn Greenwald scrie că "It requires extreme blindness or extreme dishonesty to deny that our politics is more racially and ethnically polarized than it has been in a long time. Virtually every Fox News/right-wing-talk-radio controversy relies on scaring economically anxious white Americans into ignoring the prime cause of their economic insecurity -- plundering by Wall Street bankers, abetted by the government they own -- and focusing instead on some manufactured menace from powerless racial and ethnic minorities: black people preventing them from voting (New Black Panthers), stealing their elections (ACORN), and treating them unequally (Shirley Sherrod and Eric Holder's Justice Department); Muslims who want to conquer their country and celebrate over their Christian corpses (the Triumphalist Ground Zero Mosque); invading, marauding Latino armies coming to steal their property and rape their women while their Marxist allies in Government (led by a black Muslim President) disarm the white victims. Matt Taibbi, in lamenting the takeover of the GOP by the most riled-up of these factions -- the Tea Partiers -- recounts just some of the lowlights here.

[...] The American Right has no hope of recovering from its Bush-era implosion except by aggressively exploiting ethnic and racial resentments -- the most telling statement of the last year was probably Glenn Beck's pronouncement on Fox that Obama is a "racist" who "has a deep-seated hatred for white people or the white culture" -- but many career Democratic politicians, such as Reid, are so disliked that their only hope for staying in power is to milk those same divisions to their own advantage, often by conflating justifiable, substantive opposition to Democratic rule with the ugly bigotry fueled by the Beck/Palin/Limbaugh circus. An incumbent Party which has presided over extreme economic suffering has little to offer other than dredging up fear -- much of it well-grounded -- in the alternative (you may despise what we're doing in power, but look at those hateful, bigoted freaks over there).

The real problem is that much of the anxiety and anger being cynically exploited by the Right are very real and justifiable. The Washington Post's Eugene Robinson, one of the more partisan Democratic boosters in the pundit class,

commendably acknowledged that today. After accurately condemning Glenn Beck's despicable wrapping of himself in the legacy of Martin Luther King -- as though the angry whites he leads of today are the oppressed blacks of yesterday -- Robinson explained:
But many will attend for other reasons, and they're the ones I feel sorry for. As the growth of the Tea Party movement clearly demonstrates, millions of Americans feel alienated from their government, distressed about the economy and frightened of the future. Their concerns deserve to be heard. Instead, their anxieties are exploited by hucksters who see fear and anger as marketing tools.

There's no doubt that this genuine anxiety is being exploited by the ugliest elements on the Right, but that has happened because the Democratic Party has ceded the field to those right-wing "hucksters." As much as anything else, this is the great failing of the Obama presidency. Although Obama and his Party are being blamed for the intensifying economic crisis, it is just historical fact that the unraveling took place under the Bush administration. It seems as though it was decades ago, but it was only in October, 2008 -- when Bush was still President -- that

John McCain argued that the economic crisis was so severe that the presidential campaign should be suspended in order to attend to it. That is the same crisis -- which exploded during the Bush presidency -- from which we still have not recovered, which has progressively worsened.

That crisis presented a huge opportunity for Obama and the Democrats to bring about real change in Washington -- the central promise of his campaign -- by capitalizing on (and becoming the voice of) populist anger and using it to wrestle away control from Wall Street and other financial and corporate elites who control Washington. Had they done so, they would have been champions of populist rage rather than its prime targets. But, as John Judis argues in his excellent New Republic piece, they completely squandered that opportunity. Rather than emphatically stand up to the bankers and other oligarchical thieves, they coddled and served them, and thus became the face of the elite interests oppressing ordinary Americans rather than their foes. How can an administration represented by Tim Geithner and Larry Summers -- and which specializes in an endless stream of secret deals with corporate lobbyists and sustains itself with Wall Street funding -- possibly maintain any pretense of populist support or changing how Washington works? It can't.

There are few more bitter ironies than watching the Republican Party -- controlled at its core by the very business interests responsible for the country's vast and growing inequality; responsible for massive transfers of wealth to the richest; and which presided over and enabled the economic collapse -- now become the beneficiaries of middle-class and lower-middle-class economic insecurity. But the Democratic Party's failure/refusal/inability to be anything other than the Party of Tim Geithner -- continuing America's endless, draining Wars while plotting to cut Social Security, one of the few remaining guarantors of a humane standard of living -- renders them unable to offer answers to angry, anxious, resentful Americans. As has happened countless times in countless places, those answers are now being provided instead by a group of self-serving, hateful extremist leaders eager to exploit that anger for their own twisted financial and political ends. And it seems to be working.

It is indeed difficult to believe that the country will so quickly return to power the same Republican Party -- in an even more warped and primitive form -- that virtually destroyed the U.S. over the last decade through a mix of extreme corruption, recklessness and lawlessness. But nothing is more foolish than underestimating the dangers that come from this potent mix of economic oppression and the aggressive fanning of racial and ethnic resentments."

Citatul lung din postarea lui Greenwald e menit să pună pe gânduri şi să invite, totodată, la compararea elementelor din următoarele articole de pe Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea_Party_movement, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Restoring_Honor_rally, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascism

Articolul lui Glenn Greenwald este la http://www.salon.com/news/opinion/glenn_greenwald/2010/08/27/krauthammer?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+salon%2Fgreenwald+%28Glenn+Greenwald%29

Imaginea am preluat-o de la http://frontpagemag.com/2010/04/01/religious-left-targets-tea-party-%E2%80%9Chate%E2%80%9D/

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