sâmbătă, 12 ianuarie 2013

Imperiu şi contra-Imperiu


Titlul blogului meu îşi adăugase, în urmă cu ceva timp, un al treilea element: Multitudini, derivat dintr-un termen greu de definit până şi de promotorii săi, post-marxiştii sec.21 Antonio Negri şi Michael Hardt.

Pentru cine are timp, aici e un link (pe gratis) către una dintre scrierile lor fundamentale, Imperiul, publicată la trecerea dintre milenii.

Aşa cum, în 1867, primul volum al Capitalului făcea o tentativă de explicare globală a ceea ce trăia omenirea, pornind de la termenii fundamentali "marfă" şi "bani", astăzi, cartea semnată de Negri şi Hardt, după cum zice Wikipedia, "theorizes an ongoing transition from a "modern" phenomenon of imperialism, centered around individual nation-states, to an emergent postmodern construct created among ruling powers which the authors call Empire (the capital letter is distinguishing), with different forms of warfare:
...according to Hardt and Negri's Empire, the rise of Empire is the end of national conflict, the "enemy" now, whoever he is, can no longer be ideological or national. The enemy now must be understood as a kind of criminal, as someone who represents a threat not to a political system or a nation but to the law. This is the enemy as a terrorist....In the "new order that envelops the entire space of... civilization", where conflict between nations has been made irrelevant, the "enemy" is simultaneously "banalized" (reduced to an object of routine police repression) and absolutized (as the Enemy, an absolute threat to the ethical order").
Empire elaborates a variety of ideas surrounding constitutions, global war, and class. Hence, the Empire is constituted by a monarchy (the United States and the G8, and international organizations such as NATO, the International Monetary Fund or the World Trade Organization), an oligarchy (the multinational corporations and other nation-states) and a democracy (the various non-government organizations and the United Nations). Part of the book's analysis deals with "imagin[ing] resistance", but "the point of Empire is that it, too, is "total" and that resistance to it can only take the form of negation - "the will to be against". The Empire is total, but economic inequality persists, and as all identities are wiped out and replaced with a universal one, the identity of the poor persists."

În Era Steve Jobs, continuă să existe neruşinat de mulţi oameni săraci în Imperiu...

De aceea, mă impresionează mult motto-ul cărţii lui Negri şi Hardt: "Every tool is a weapon if you hold it right..."

Desenul l-am împrumutat de la http://www.uni-muenster.de/PeaCon/global-texte/g-m/n/globalpyramid.htm




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